Sep 7, 2007

Beautiful Icebergs

Take a look at these beautiful Icebergs! An iceberg is a large piece of freshwater ice that has broken off from a glacier or ice shelf and is floating in open water. The word iceberg is a partial loan translation from Dutch ijsberg, literally meaning mountain of ice, cognate to Danish Isbjerg, Swedish Isberg, Low Saxon Iesbarg and German Eisberg.

"Since the density of pure water ice is ca. 920 kg/m3, and that of sea water ca. 1025 kg/m3, typically, only one ninth of the volume of an iceberg is above water. The shape of the remainder under the water can be difficult to surmise from looking at what is visible above the surface. This has led to the expression "tip of the iceberg", generally applied to a problem or difficulty, meaning that the visible trouble is only a small manifestation of a larger problem." Wikipedia

"Icebergs generally range from 1 to 75 metres (about 3 to 250 feet) above sea level and weigh 100,000 to 200,000 metric tonnes (about 110,000-220,000 short tons). The tallest known iceberg in the North Atlantic was 168 metres (about 551 feet) above sea level, making it the height of a 55-story building. Despite their size, the icebergs of Newfoundland move an average of seventeen kilometers (about ten miles) a day. These icebergs originate from the glaciers of western Greenland, and may have an interior temperature of -15 to -20°C (5 to -4°F)." Wikipedia


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